Hawker’s Rehabilitation Planning in the Metropolitan City (Ludhiana)

Manmohan Singh, Harcharan Singh, Kishmita Arora


According to Census Commission,” Metro city is a city with huge size of urban area and a population of above 1 million within city limits and which have all major facilities such as Railways, Bus terminals, large roads network with other cities, rural areas and towns”. E.g. Ludhiana with its population 1,611,932 as census 2011. Street Hawkers or Street vendors are the most visible section of the informal economy. Street hawking as a profession, which has been existing in India since immemorial years ago or time. According to the Google search, “More than 90% of the workforce in our country is involved in the informal sector, which contributes about 63% to the country’s Gross Domestic Product”. Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, states that presently India has street vendors numbering to 10 million, which roughly constitutes about 2% of urban population. A hawker also has prominent place in the urban areas like as pavements and provides inexpensive and convenient access to goods and services to all phases of the population.  This research study is basically concerned with the broad understanding concept of the socio-economic profile of hawkers or street vendors and the process that how to integrate them in the process of urban development and various issues created by the hawkers related to their informal/vending activities at various places in Metropolitan city. Solid Waste management is a very important part of hawking activity. It’s the responsibility of hawker to pay attention to the public health and maintain the hygiene environment in the vending zones and vendors market in the concerned adjoining area. For this Hawker shall keep a waste collection basket in the place of vending. Further hawkers contribute to promote the collective disposal of the waste in the vending zones. The availability of the public toilets should be the priority for Vendors (Especially in the theme-based market) and public near vending zones to make the vending zone and its adjoining area clean and hygienic fit for the vending activities.

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