Contribution of Rural Areas in Indian Economy- A Review

Patel Godavari, K. Venkataiah


   The contribution of the rural areas in economy of India for the period 1970-71 to 2011-12 is seen from its share in national output and employment1 (Table 1). The rural areas engaged 84.1 per cent of the total workforce and produced 62.4 per cent of the total net domestic product (NDP) in 1970-71. Subsequently, rural share in the national income declined sharply till 1999-00. Rural share in total employment also witnessed a decline but its pace did not match with the changes in its share in national output or income. The declining contribution of rural areas in national output without a commensurate reduction in its share in employment implies that a major portion of the overall economic growth in the country came from the capital-intensive sectors in urban areas without generating significant employment during the period under consideration. Notwithstanding, the difference between the rural share in output and employment increased from 22 percentage points in 1970-71 to 28 percentage points in 1999-00.

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