Fate of Rural Sanitation Scheme

Shashikant Nishant Sharma


This paper is a study of the Total Sanitation Campaign which sought to ensure open defecation free India by 2012. The campaign has been renamed as Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan in the 12th Five Year Plan. The study tries to see to what extent the campaign has been able to achieve its objects and whether the claims of some of the states to attain 100 percent open defecation free status are true or mis-represented. The major finding of this paper is that it shows how the claim of the open defecation free status is erroneous. The paper has been analytical and come out with some of the findings and suggestions which will be of great help to the policy planners and other people or agencies involved in the field of planning and management of schemes for development.


National Sanitation Schemes, Total Sanitation Scheme, Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan, Rural Sanitation, Healthy Living condition

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Copyright (c) 2014 Shashikant Nishant Sharma

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