“Cutting Tool Wear Analysis”

Ramanand Sao, Tankdhar Sao, Suraj Rout


The present work concerned an experimental study of turning on Austenitic Stainless steel of grade AISI 202 by a TiAlN coated carbide insert tool. The primary objective of the ensuing study was to use the Response Surface Methodology in order to determine the effect of machining parameters viz. cutting speed, feed, and depth of cut, on the surface roughness of the machined material and the wear of the tool. The objective was to find the optimum machining parameters so as to minimize the surface roughness and tool wear for the selected tool and work materials in the chosen domain of the experiment. The experiment was conducted in an experiment matrix of 20 runs designed using a full-factorial Central Composite Design (CCD). Surface Roughness was measured using a Talysurf and tool wear with the help of a Toolmaker‟s microscope. The data was compiled into MINITAB ® 17 for analysis. The relationship between the machining parameters and the response variables (surface roughness and tool wear) were modelled and analysed using the Response Surface Methodology (RSM). Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to investigate the significance of these parameters on the response variables, and to determine a regression equation for the response variables with the machining parameters as the independent variables, with the help of a quadratic model. Main effects and interaction plots from the ANOVA were obtained and studied along with contour and 3-D surface plots. The quadratic models were found to be significant with a p-value of 0.033 and 0.049. Results showed that feed is the most significant factor affecting the surface roughness, closely followed by cutting speed and depth of cut, while the only significant factor affecting the tool wear was found to be the depth of cut. The top three optimum settings for carrying out the machining were obtained from Response Surface Optimizer and are shown in the results section.

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