“Changing Scenario of Agricultural Development in Bihar: A Micro Level Study of Bahrampur Village of Patna District”

Vivek Kumar


Agriculture includes raising of crops from the land, animal husbandry, agroforestry, beekeeping and pisciculture. It plays a vital role in the economy of Bihar. The economy of Bihar state is primarily based on agriculture, and about 73.5% of its total workers engaged in agricultural activities, whereas the selected village is a micro level region of Bihar and its development mainly depend upon agriculture, because 84% of its total workers engaged in agriculture and during last decade a notable changing scenario of agricultural development have been seen. The main objective is to study changing scenario of agricultural development at micro level under the influence of modern technologies and others. The present study is based on primary and secondary data. Primary data have been collected by self observation and by interviewing the villagers’ and the secondary data from census office’ Government office, internet, books, and journals. The selected micro level study area of Bihar is Bahrampur village of Patna district, situated in the east side of Kararua river (branch of Falgu river) in Dhanarua block, having areal extent of 177 hectares (1.77 square km.).

According to census 2011, total population of Bahrampur village is 2115 in which 807 are workers in which 675 (84%) are engaged in agricultural activities. According to primary observations in year 2015, it is clear that there is promising increase in the use of modern technologies in agriculture. And the use of essential chemical, HYV seeds and government sponsored agricultural programmes play significant role in the development of agriculture. Due to technological development and demand of market, the land use pattern for different crops also changes and productivity of crops increased, and villagers becoming prosperous. In conclusive way, we can say that due to use of modern technologies and government sponsored agricultural programmes during last decade, there significant changes occur in village’s economic, social, cultural and other aspects and villagers becoming progressive.

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