Self-actualization of University Teachers in relation to their Socio-economic Status and Job-satisfaction

Ananta Kumar Jena, Niranjan Thengal

Abstract


Highly effective teachers are needed to transform a man from a sensuous being to a human being. Only self-actualized teachers can make maximum development of human resource. However, the teachers should themselves be of best human personality to play their role as a teacher. Otherwise even the best curriculum would remain ineffective in the absence of a good teacher. Therefore, they should have the realization about their own potentialities. Realising about one’s own potentiality is termed by Abraham Maslow as ‘self-actualization’. Has self-actualization any relationship with other aspects of life such as socio-economic status, job-satisfaction and so on? In fact, the study aimed to find out the correlation between self-actualization, socio-economic status and job-satisfaction of University Teachers. A sample of 100 University Teachers was selected from the Central as well as State Universities of Assam using simple random sampling technique. Self-actualization Scale, Socio-economic Status Scale and Job-satisfaction Scale was used to collect the data. The study assumed that there is a positive correlation between self-actualization and socio-economic status, and negative correlation between self-actualization and job-satisfaction of University Teachers. Descriptive Statistics like Mean and Standard Deviation and Inferential Statistics like Correlation, Regression, ANOVA and t-test were used to analyze the data. It resulted that there was positive and significant correlation between Self-actualization and Socio-economic status, and self-actualization and job-satisfaction of University Teachers.


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