Three-Level Rectifiers in Wind Turbine Systems Open-Circuit Fault-Tolerant Control for Outer Switches

Jagruthi Petrum

Abstract


The proposed tolerant control maintains normal operation with sinusoidal currents under the open-circuit fault of outer switches by adding a compensation value to the reference voltages. A three-level converter is used as the power converters of wind turbine systems because of their advantages such as low-current total harmonic distortion, high efficiency, and low collector–emitter voltage. Interior permanent magnet synchronous generators (IPMSGs) have been chosen as the generator in wind turbine systems owing to their advantages of size and efficiency. In wind turbine systems consisting of the three-level converter and the IPMSG, fault-tolerant controls for an open-circuit fault of switches should be implemented to improve reliability. This paper focuses on the open-circuit fault of outer switches (Sx1 and Sx4 ) in three level rectifiers (both neutral-point clamped and T-type) that are connected to the IPMSG. In addition, the effects of Sx1 and Sx4 open-circuit faults are analyzed, and based on this analysis, a tolerant control is proposed. The effectiveness and performance of the proposed tolerant control are verified by simulation

 


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