Disease Pest Surveillance under E-Plant Clinic in Sindhuli District, Nepal

Shilu Dahal, Kalyani Mishra Tripathi, Rajendra Regmi, Santosh Koirala, Nirajan Bhattarai, Devendra Shahu, Achyut Prasad Dhakal

Abstract


The status on the existing disease pest status of summer crop was studied in Kapilakot of Sindhuli district. Data for pest surveillance were collected from nine regular e-Plant clinics conducted at every 15 days interval in Pipalbot, Kapilakot in 2017. Total of 222 queries were registered from 193 farmers attending the plant clinic. Plantwise Clinics Data Entry Template (V9.2B) was used for data entry and CABI’s Final Validation Tool (V8) software for validation. Among 21 different crops recorded in e-Plant clinic, majority was maize followed by rice, tomato and chilly respectively. Coverage of e-Plant clinic was 7 km on an average and maximum up to 15km. Out of 51different causes of crop damage identified, 91.44% was the biotic cause whereas 8.56% was abiotic. Insect were the major biotic cause of crop damage followed by fungal disease. Maize stem borer was noted in 52.86% of all maize samples and was found to affect mostly intermediate stage of maize.

 

 

Similarly, fruit fly was recorded in 79% of all cucurbitaceous samples. Rice was found to be mostly affected by rice blast and rice stem borer. Tomato leaf miner, red banded caterpillar in mango and cob rot of maize were identified as the emerging disease pest in Sindhuli.


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