Environment Monitoring In Underground Workers Safety and Communication through Wi-Fi Technology

P. Uday Chandra, N. Samuel Babu

Abstract


The proposed system is divided into two sections. First is a hardware circuit that will be attached with the body of the mine workers. This may be preferably fitted with the safety helmet of the workers also. The circuit has a sensor module consisting of some sensors that measures real-time underground parameters like temperature, humidity and gas concentration. Gas concentration is meant for the harmful gases like methane and carbon-monoxide. A microcontroller is used with the sensors to receive the sensor outputs and to take the necessary decision. Once temperature is more than the safety level preprogrammed at microcontroller, microcontroller decodes beep alarms through the headset speaker connected with controller once the measured humidity value is more than the safety level pre-programmed at microcontroller; it decodes different type of beep alarms. Similarly when gas concentration crosses the safety level, microcontroller decodes siren alarms. Different sensors values are displayed in the LCD of mine workers section. A voice announcement is given when the sensor levels exceed the threshold levels. In all such cases, this will send an alarm through an urgent message and alarm sound to the ground control terminal through ZigBee. In control station the information is received by ZigBee transceiver and the status of the sensors is monitored in the PC


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