Gender Based Attitudes in Physical Activities & Sports: Psychological & Social Effects

Naveen Sangwan


This paper presents an overview of five topics related to gender equity and sports. Gender equity has been an issue in society since the beginning of time. Anyone can easily find out many accounts of where women faced issues of equity in sports, their career, and athletic opportunities. The purpose of this paper is to explore the issues that surrounds the issues of gender equity in sport, what actions have been taken to provide equal opportunity for women in sports, the current issues facing women in sports today, the research surrounding the issues pertaining to gender equity in sport, and also to discuss the findings and present recommendations for further research in this area.  In recent years, sport and physical activity as a strategy for the empowerment of girls and women has been gaining recognition worldwide. Women Win is the first international organization with a sole focus of providing support for innovative sport and physical activity programmes for empowerment and creating a social movement around sport for the advancement of women’s rights. Sport and physical activity have not yet been used on a large scale as a strategy within women’s movements. There are, however, many women have already very positive stories to tell in today’s world based on their experiences. Even through which we can learn more about how participation in sport and physical activity can empower individual girls and women. Involvement in sport and physical activity can, for example, build life skills, confidence and body awareness and may create social networks, which result in dramatic positive life changes for participants. We have seen that involvement in sport and physical activity can positively change existing gender norms and help girls and women move into public spaces. Moreover, sport and physical activity programmes provide opportunities to bring communities together and help realize development objectives relating to such issues as (post) conflict management, reproductive health and gender-based violence.

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