Judicious Use of Land and Water Resources for Sustainable Agriculture Development

Ashok Kumar


This paper examines the vital need of judicious uses of land and water resources for sustainable development of agriculture. The agriculture development and productivity depends on the judicious use of land and water. The green revolution, started in mid 60s has given rise to fast growth in agricultural production and the productivity in some of selected regions  of the country like Punjab , Haryana, and western Uttar Pradesh . After Green Revolution north-western part of India and some districts of Krishna-Godavari basin have become rice cultivated dominance area. And Green Revolution has given rise to development of millions of hectare of waste land, water logged lands and saline and alkaline lands. Groundwater practices have fallen dramatically. Keeping in view the gravity of the problems, it has become a prime duty to make the judicious use of land, water and other inputs so that the agriculture development may take place constant and sustainably. It requires consistent efforts by the agricultural scientists, policy makers’ extension officials and the community’s active participation, they may contribute significantly to lead the sustainable agriculture and ensure the food security for the growing population and environment conservation. Effort to adjust to the exponential trends of our population without compromising the integrity of the environment it is necessary to have a countrywide transition towards sustainable farming. As India’s National Agricultural Policy accords high priority to the sustainability of agriculture.

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