Original Article “Comparison of depression, anxiety, stress, and related factors among women and men with human immunodeficiency virus infection”

SHAIKH AHMAD, SHAIKH ISMAIL

Abstract


AIMS: To compare depression, anxiety, stress, and related factors among women and men with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

SETTINGS AND DESIGN: In this cross‑sectional survey conducted between January  and April  2018, 200 participants with HIV/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) attending Consultation Centers.

 MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants with HIV/AIDS were interviewed using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales questionnaire (DASS21).

RESULTS: There were significant associations between marital status of women and the level of depression (P < 0.05). However, the mean depression and anxiety in women are greater than men (P < 0.05), and the mean stress in men is greater than women (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: HIV infection is related with psychiatric disorders. According to the results, women are more vulnerable to depression and anxiety and they need more care. Management of these psychiatric disorders is very important and requires innovative comprehensive approaches.


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